Android Review

Android is a Linux-based operating system for mobile phones like Smartphones and tablet computers. Android provides an open platform for developers to create their own applications for use by various devices moving. Initially, Google Inc. bought the Android Inc., a newcomer who made the software for mobile phones. Then to develop an Android, the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 34 companies for hardware, software, and telecommunications, including Google, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, T-Mobile, and Nvidia.

At the time of the release of Prime Android, November 5, 2007, with the Open Handset Alliance's Android States support the development of open standards on a mobile device. On the other hand, Google released the code – Android code under the Apache license, a software license and open standard mobile device.
In this world there are two types of distributors operating system Android. First got full support from Google or Google Mail Services (GMS) and the second is correct – free distribution without direct support Google or known as the Open Handset Distribution (OHD).


History
In July 2005, Google collaborated with Android Inc., a company located in Palo Alto, California, United States. The founders of Android Inc. works on Google, of which Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. At that time many consider Android Inc. is simply function as software on a cell phone. Since then it appears the rumors that Google is about to enter the mobile phone market. In the company of Google, the team led by Rubin is in charge of developing a mobile device that is supported by the Linux kernel. This shows indication that Google is preparing to face competition in the mobile phone market.
Around September 2007 a study reporting that Google filed a patent application in a mobile phone (finally Google introduces Nexus One, one kind of smart phones that use Android on a GSM system operations. A cell phone is manufactured by HTC Corporation and available in the market on January 5, 2010).
On December 9, 2008, it was announced the new members who join the program working Android ARM Holdings, Atheros Communications, Asustek Computer Inc, Garmin Ltd, Softbank, Sony Ericsson, Toshiba Corp, and Vodafone Group Plc. With the formation of the Open Handset Alliance, the OHA announced their first product, Android, mobile device (mobile) which is a modified Linux kernel 2.6. Since Android has done a variety of updates released in the form of bug fixes and the addition of new features.
The first phone that uses Android operating system was the HTC Dream, which was released on October 22, 2008. At the end of 2009 is estimated to be in this world there are at least 6 different types of mobile phones that use Android.

Android Version
Here is some version of the android operating system:
  • Android version 1.1/March 2009
  • Android version 1.5 (Cupcake)/may 2009
  • Android version 1.6 (Donut)/September 2009
  • Android version 2.0/2.1 (Eclairs)/December 2009
  • Android version 2.2 (Froyo: Frozen Yogurt)/may 2010
  • Android 2.3 (Gingerbread)/December 2010
  • Android version 3.0/3.1 (Honeycomb)/may 2011
  • Androidversion 4.0 (ICS: Ice Cream Sandwich)/October 2011

Features
Features available in Android is:
  • Application framework: it allows the use and removal of components available.
  • The Dalvik virtual machine virtual machine optimized for mobile devices.
  • Graphs: graphs in 2D and 3D graphics library based on OpenGL.
  • SQLite: for data storage.
  • Supports media: audio, video, and a variety of image formats (MPEG4, h.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG, GIF)
  • GSM, Bluetooth, EDGE, 3 g, and WiFi (hardware dependent)
  • Cameras, Global Positioning System (GPS), compass, and accelerometer (hardware dependent)

Android has many advantages as a software that uses computer code base that can be distributed in an open (open source) so users can create new applications in it. Google's Android has native applications such as integrated pushmail, Google Maps, Gmail and Google Calendar.
Fans of open source community building then build and share Android-based firmware with a number of customizations and additional features, such as FLAC lossless audio and the ability to save the downloaded application on the microSD card. They often update the firmware packages and combines elements of Android functionality that has not been officially released in a carrier-sanction firmware.

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