History of Mouse

Mouse device is mandatory in ease while performing activities of computing. But have you wondered, where and when the mouse is present and how they evolved over the years. And notice that each invention early in mouse technology always reap failure due to high production rates making it expensive.
However, with the development and the advancement of technology, it is long-duration can be overcome, and the mouse become affordable devices that must accompany any computer. For more details, here's a brief history of the development of view mouse from year to year.

The first generation

Many people tend to think that the mouse was first discovered by Xerox. This could be because the mouse was first sold commercially by them. In fact, the mouse was first introduced by Douglas Engelbart, a researcher from Stanford Research Institute, in 1963. It was a physical mouse is far different from the mouse that is currently known to us. The first Mouse is made using materials from the wooden beams and using two metal wheels out a position perpendicular to each other, as well as a button in the form of a red-colored lights on the sides. And on November 17, 1970, Engelbart received a patent for his creation of the mouse.

Mouse Engelbart actually hosts is not a pointing device is first created. The Pointing device, the first is actually a trackball that was discovered in 1953 by Tom Cranston. Uncertain of where and why the use of the name ' mouse ' is used. But many say that naming the physical that has adapted to the tail.

Refinement by Xerox

The Mouse is operated by connecting to the computer and displayed on the screen was the idea of Bill English, a colleague of Douglas Engelbart. Bill English also perfect the shape of the mouse and create his first prototype. In 1972, when the English work for Xerox, he and his research team and Hawley Jacks designed mouse re Engelbart and adds some new features. The most prominent of which is replacing the system out from the wheels of two small metal, with a ball that could rotate in any direction. The button was added into two. The other changes by doing a repair system to interact with the computer.

Although the design of Bill English has undergone many improvements and changes, Xerox takes about 9 years to actually make the mouse being able to function properly and perfecting the manufacturing process to be worthy as seen from the perspective of process manufacturing costs. And it was only in 1981, Xerox began producing a mouse for sale en masse in a package with its computer products namely Xerox 8010 Star Information System. It's just that when it hosts the Xerox computers sold with the high price of around US $ 20,000, which makes it less attractive. Consequently, any mouse-so less popular.

The intervention of Apple

In the same period, Steve Jobs is currently seeking an innovative tools for Apple products. And the mouse is considered an appropriate and interesting device. Steve Jobs also commissioned design firm, Hovey-Kelley, to create a mouse that could be cheaper, mass produced, and reliable. As a result, Apple managed to create a computer with the name Lisa comes with mouse design and marketed in 1983. The main components of the mouse used namely optical encoder wheel is a free tracker balls move, and using only one button, which to this day is the hallmark of the Apple mouse. A year later. Apple is back presents a device reset is designed to accompany the system of Macintosh computers.

Development over time

In fact many developments and innovations on a mouse device in the years 1980 to 2000 's. E.g. in 1981, where Richard Lyon, who works at the Xerox PARC invented the first optical mouse. And a year later, Steve Kirsch develop optical mouse that needs the help of a special mousepad, a sensor for detecting pads in performing the movements. Even the Kirsch and others set up companies that sell optical mouse named Mouse System. But its products failed because the price is still expensive.

In 1981 also marked with the establishment of the company in Switzerland that Logitech is currently a major player in bringing the mouse device. His first models, i.e., P4, designed by Jean-Daniel Nicoud and marketed in 1982.

In 1983, Microsoft presents his first mouse was sold at a price range of US $ 195. The Mouse uses two buttons and require additional expansion cards for connecting it to your computer. Not long after, the refined and used a mouse to the serial port is already present on the computer.

In 1984, the Logitech Cordless mouse introduces the world's first. The technology used is still using infrared technology and requires a receiver to be installed on the computer.

In 1987, IBM introduced its computer device equipped with a mouse and keyboard using PS/2 connection. Before using the mouse connector 5-pin and 6-pin. PS/2 connection is finally becoming more popular due to being able to make a better connection.

In 1995, the first use of the mouse scroll wheel is manifested by the Mouse System with the name ProAgio. This product is not known, however its development. Until a year later, Microsoft uses this technology on its newest mouse.

In 1998, Apple USB Mouse featuring Apple which is the first mouse to use the USB connection. It's just that his physical, the round makes it uncomfortable to use so that the product failed. However the USB connection which began many adopted by other manufacturers.

In 1998, Sun Microsystems managed to refine the laser sensor mouse originally intended for his computer, Sun SPARC Station workstations and servers.

In 1999, Agilent Technologies was able to develop the first optical sensor that works without the use of special bearings. This solution directly adopted by several large manufacturers such as Microsoft, Apple, and Logitech.

In 2004, the Logitech MX1000 mouse which was developed together with Agilent Technologies, capable of carrying a laser-tech mouse became a popular device that replaces the LED lighting technology.

In 2008, Microsoft created the innovation by presenting BlueTrack uses elements of laser technology and optics. Merging two technologies allows the mouse can be used on various types of surfaces.

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